Two missions looking for life on Mars. Trace Gas Orbiter and a Schiaparelli lander were launched in 2016, an orbiter, the largest spacecraft to ever reach Mars, is focused on studying Martian atmosphere, while Schiaparelli lander tested entry and descend technology, however failed to successfully land on a surface. Second mission will be launched in 2020. It will include the surface platform and a rover with sub-surface drill, taking samples from further down below the surface than any other probe to date.

ExoMars 2016
Launched 14 March 2016
Planned end of mission December 2022
ExoMars 2020
Planned launch July 2020
Planned end of mission early 2021
Trace Gas Orbiter
Launch mass 3 732 kg
Launch mass 600 kg
Launch mass 310 kg
Surface Platform
Launch mass 827.9 kg


Historical mission to the comet, ESA’s space probe was the first one to orbit a comet, study it in depth and the first one to send a lander to the surface. A mission of records and firsts is teaching us about the origins of solar system and its evolution, as well as life of the comets themselves. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.  Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation.

Launched 2 March 2004
Planned end of mission 30 September 2016
Launch mass 2 900 kg
Landing 12 November 2014
End of mission 27 July 2016
Launch mass 97.9 kg

Copernicus (Sentinel satellites)

Copernicus is an innovative, large scale Earth Observation programme funded by the European Union. With open data access it gave birth to countless new companies and studies from climatology to assisting farmers in getting the most out of their crops. Currently in a process of deployment is a series of Sentinel satellites that will monitor various aspects of our planet.

Sentinel 1
First launch
3 April 2014
Launch mass 2 300 kg
Sentinel 2
First launch 23 June 2015
Launch mass 1 140 kg
Sentinel 3
First launch 16 February 2016
Launch mass 1 250 kg
Sentinel 4
Planned launch 2019 onboard MTG-S meteorological satellite
Mass 140 kg
Sentinel 5
Planned launch 2020 onboard MetOp-SG meteorological satellite
Launch mass 3 000 kg
Sentinel 6
Planned launch 2020
Launch mass 1 000 kg


Satellite navigation system built and deployed by Europe. Currently the only civilian sat nav system in the world that offers global coverage (GPS, GLONASS and BeiDou are military systems, even though they are open to public). Galileo is a programme of the European Union, managed by European Commission, developed and executed by European Space Agency.

Galileo FOC (Full Operational Capability)
First Launch 22 August 2014
Orbit 23 222 × 23 222 km × 56°
Launch mass 732.8 kg
Galileo IOV (In-Orbit Validation)
First Launch 21 October 2011
Last Launch 12 December 2012
Orbit 23 616 × 23 616 km × 56°
Launch mass 640 kg

Other missions

We also covered few other missions, notably NASA’s New Horizon, the first spacecraft to visit Pluto, and Gaia, mission to create the most detailed map of stars in our galaxy.